Small Bowel Lymphangiectasia Leading to Massive Gastrointestinal Bleeding: a Case Report

Farahnaz Safaei, Amir Sadeghi, Pardis Ketabi Moghadam, Peyman Taheri


Lymphangiomas are benign lymphatic system abnormalities that can appear anywhere on the skin and mucous membranes. Lymphangiomas are caused by congenital or acquired lymphatic system disorders. In the congenital form, although the cause is unknown it is said that it is formed by the incorrect attachment of lymphatic channels to the main lymphatic drainage duct before the age of 5 years. lymphangiectasia as a subgroup of lymphangioma occurs seldom in the small bowel, especially in adults. If that happens, protein-losing enteropathy will be the most common presenting sign. In the present study, we introduce a case of a 40-year-old man without a history of any congenital or acquired diseases who was admitted to the emergency room due to long-lasting obscure overt gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Normal upper and lower GI endoscopies were suggestive of GI bleeding originating from the small intestine. Despite receiving iron supplements, he continued to have melena and remained anemic. Further evaluation of the small intestine by deep enteroscopy revealed multiple white spots histologically consistent with dilated lymphatics. Intestinal lymphangiectasia was eventually introduced to be the final diagnosis of the patient.


Lymphangioma; Lymphangiectasia; Small bowel bleeding

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