Prevalence of Different Types of Primary Esophageal Motility Disorders and Their Associated Factors in Patients Referring to Shariati Hospital during 2018-2019

Mahan Assadian, Zahra Momayex Sanat, Hossein Asl Soleimani, Javad Mikaeli



Esophageal motility disorders (EMDs) are common in patients with dysphagia and are effectively diagnosed with high-resolution manometry (HREM). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of different types of primary EMDs in patients referred for HREM and to further investigate the factors associated with EMDs.


In this cross-sectional study, all patients referred to the endoscopy section of Shariati Hospital during 2018-2019 (279 patients) were subjected to HREM and were evaluated according to their diagnosis, and the effect of each factor and each symptom on motility disorders was investigated.


84.5% (235) of the participants were diagnosed with at least one esophageal motility disorder; of them, achalasia was the most common form (52.6%). None of the predictive factors showed a statistically significant correlation with EMDs. However, regarding the symptoms, regurgitation and nocturnal cough were significantly more common in patients with EMD (p=0.001 and 0.009, respectively).


This study demonstrates the high prevalence of EMDs in patients undergoing manometry. None of the factors studied, such as age, sex, diabetes, hypothyroidism, smoking, and alcohol and opium consumption, had a statistically significant correlation with EMDs.


Achalasia; Esophageal motility disorders; Manometry; Risk factors

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