The Effects of Helicobacter Pylori Eradication on Liver Function and Metabolic Profile in Non-diabetic Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis: A 5-year Randomized Clinical Trial

Arsia Jamali, Shahrokh Karbalai, Ghazale Tefagh, Ayat Ahmadi, Raika Jamali



To evaluate the effects of Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication on liver function tests (LFT) and fat content (LFC) in non-diabetic non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).


This randomized clinical trial included dyspeptic HP infected non-diabetic NASH participants. The intervention arm received HP eradication treatment, while the control arm did not get any HP treatment. In the meantime, the standard management of NASH was performed in both trial arms. Mean alterations in LFT were the primary outcome and the secondary outcomes included the mean changes in LFC and serum metabolic profile. The trial follow-up period was 5 years.


40 participants (female: 20), with a mean age of 41.58 (± 12.31) years, were enrolled in the study. The HP eradication arm included 20 participants (female: 11) with a mean age of 40.25 (± 10.59) years, and the control arm consisted of 20 individuals (female: 9) with a mean age of 42.90 (± 13.97) years. The tests of within-subjects effects showed a significant decrease in mean serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT; p=0.007), triglyceride (TG; p=0.04), cholesterol (p=0.004), and fasting blood sugar (FBS; p<0.001), and an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL; p=0.04) in both research groups during the study period. The tests of between-subjects effects demonstrated a more significant decrement of FBS in HP eradicated patients than the controls (p=0.02). The reduction in waist circumference, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), ALT, alkaline phosphatase, triglyceride, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, insulin, and LFC were more prominent in the intervention group than the controls; however, these differences were not statistically significant.


 Adding HP eradication treatment to standard NASH treatment showed more therapeutic effect thanthe standard NASH treatment protocol alone regarding the decrement of FBS in participants with dyspeptic non-diabetic NASH. Considering the non-statistically significant improvement in other metabolic indices and LFT in this trial, further studies are recommended.


Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis; Helicobacter pylori; Aminotransferase; Fasting blood sugar

Full Text:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.