Comparison of Oral versus Intravenous Proton Pump Inhibitors in Preventing Re-bleeding from Peptic Ulcer after Successful Endoscopic Therapy

Seyed Mohammad Valizadeh Toosi, Ahmad Reza Elahi Vahed, Iradj Maleki, Zohreh Bari

Abstract


BACKGROUND

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are now widely prescribed for the management of patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding; although its optimal dose and route of administration has remained a controversial issue. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effectiveness of high dose oral versus intravenous (IV) PPI after successful endoscopic therapy in patients with bleeding peptic ulcer disease.

 

METHODS

178 patients with active upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to a peptic ulcer with stigmata of high risk for re-bleeding entered the study. After successful endoscopic hemostasis, they were randomized to receive either high dose oral pantoprazole (80 mg stat and 80 mg twice daily for 3 days) or high dose intravenous pantoprazole (80 mg IV infusion within 30 minutes and 8 mg per hour for 3 days). After the 3rd day, the patients in both groups received oral pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily for one month. The end points were comparing the rate of re-bleeding or mortality, and the need for blood transfusion or surgery during the first month between the two groups.

 

RESULTS

There were not significant statistical differences between the two groups in the volume of blood transfusion, mean duration of hospital stay, need to surgery, or mortality rates. However, the rates of re-bleeding were 2.3% (2:88) in the IV group and 3.3% (3:90) in the oral group (p=0.6).

 

CONCLUSIONS

According to our findings, it seems that high dose oral PPI can be a good alternative to high dose IV PPI in patients with bleeding peptic ulcer who are at high risk of re-bleeding. Due to the lower cost and the availability of oral PPIs, their use can be economically much more affordable.

(Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials number: IRCT2014082515510N2).


Keywords


Proton pump inhibitor, Peptic ulcer, Hemorrhage, Endoscopic therapy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/middle%20east%20j%20di.v10i4.1977