Diagnostic Significance of Serum Fatty Acid Synthase in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer

Hamid Reza Fazli, Maliheh Moradzadeh, Zahra Mehrbakhsh, Maryam Sharafkhah, Sahar Masoudi, Akram Pourshams, Ashraf Mohamadkhani



Pancreatic cancer is considered as the most deadly tumor among gastrointestinal cancers because of its poor prognosis. The frequently deregulated pathway in the cancer cell is associated with an increased expression of various genes, including the synthesis of fatty acids. We aimed to evaluate the level of serum fatty acid synthase (FASN) as a diagnostic marker for early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer .


 Serum FASN levels were measured by ELISA in 92 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinomas and in 92 healthy controls. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of certain diagnostic categories.


Serum FASN levels were significantly higher in patients with pancreatic cancer than in healthy controls (1.35 [0.98-2.3] ng/mL vs 1.04 [0.19-1.34] ng/mL, p<0.001) and in smokers compared to non-smokers (1.41 [0.79-2.52] ng/mL vs 1.07 [0.21-1.74] ng/mL, p <0.001). FASN levels and smoking were associated with increased risk of PC (1.54 [1.1-2.14] ng/mL, p =0.011 and 5.69 [2.68-12.09] ng/mL, p <0.001, respectively).


Elevated serum FASN levels in patients with pancreatic cancer indicate the need for the production of large numbers of lipids for the survival and proliferation of human cancer cells and the diagnostic value of FASN as a new diagnostic biomarker.


Fatty acid synthase; Pancreatic cancer; Smoking, Biomarker

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