Detection Rate of Colorectal Polyps in Symptomatic Candidates of Colonoscopy: When Should We Do a Total Colonoscopy?

Alireza Norouzi, Sima Besharat, Fazel Isapanah Amlashi, Maryam Nasrabadi, Isan Gharanjik, Ali Ashkbari, Zoha Riahi, Sajjad Kaabe, Iman Shahabinasab, Gholamreza Roshandel, Ahmad Sohrabi, Taghi Amiriani, Shahryar Semnani



 The incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing in the northeast of Iran. Colorectal polyps are among the proposed risk factors noted, especially in the elder population. This study was designed to study the diagnosed cases of intestinal polyps detected from 2011 to 2016 in the northeast of Iran.


 The population consisted of symptomatic candidates referred to the colonoscopy center in Gorgan city. Based on the available colonoscopy and pathology reports, 1706 cases were enrolled after the exclusion of cases without sufficient data.


Among 1709 (55.5% males and 44.5% females) cases, 1405 cases with 1912 polyps were detected. Among them, 345 (25%) aged less than 50 years. Tubular adenoma (N=826, 43.2%) and hyperplastic polyps (N=519, 27.1%) were the top two histological findings. Out of 1405 patients with polyps, 660 (39.6%) polyps were detected in proximal colon (15.6% in proximal and 24% in both proximal and distal). Malignancies were detected in 13.2% (0.8% malignant polyps and 12.4% malignant masses).


A considerable number of colorectal adenomas in proximal colon and in patients younger than 50 years old, suggesting to schedule colorectal cancer screening from at least 10 years younger and continuing colonoscopy up to the proximal area.


Adenomatous polyps, Colonoscopy, Colorectal cancer, Intestinal polyps

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