Comparing the Effect of Two Low-dose and High-dose Four-drug Regimens of Furazolidone in Eradicating Helicobacter Pylori

Mohamadreza Seyyedmajidi, Seyed Ashkan Hosseini, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh



 Antibiotic resistance is a major cause of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) treatment failures. The increased resistance to clarithromycin and metronidazole has reduced the ability of this therapeutic regimen and prompted researchers to look for other drugs. One of the antibiotics of interest in this regard is furazolidone because of its low drug resistance. The aim of this study is compare two-drug regimens including low-dose and high-dose furazolidone in the treatment of H. pylori.


 This study is a clinical trial in which the studied subjects were categorized into two groups. The first group underwent treatment with amoxicillin 1000 mg-BD, furazolidone 100 mg-BD, omeprazole 20 mg-BD, and bismuth subcitrate 240 mg-BD for two weeks (low-dose OFAB). The second group received furazolidone 200 mg-BD (high-dose OFAB). Then eight weeks after completion of the treatment, they were examined in terms of eradication via the UBT test.


85 participants completed the study in each group. The response to treatment was 76% and 83% in the low and high-dose groups, respectively, based on intention to treat analysis. Based on per protocol analysis the response to treatment was 78% and 84%, respectively, if excluded patients had completed their protocol and had response to treatment, and 72% and 79%, respectively, if excluded patients had completed their protocol and did not have response to treatment (p=0.298). In the low-dose and high-dose groups, 16.5% and 24.7% of the participants suffered the complications of treatment with furazolidone (p =0.18), respectively. Three patients in the high-dose group and one in the low-dose group did not complete the treatment because of the medication’s bad taste (p =0.03).


 Low doses of furazolidone had a comparable therapeutic effect compared with high doses, but patients experienced significantly lower levels of bad taste, which was a major cause of reluctance to continue treatment. Therefore, we think four-drug low-dose furazolidone treatment is a good choice in eradicating H. pylori

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