Pulmonary Complications in Candidates for Liver Transplantation

Niloofar Razavi-Khorasani, Bobak Moazzami, Arash Dooghaie Moghadam, Pegah Eslami, Ermia Farokhi, Azim Mehrvar, Sandra Saeedi, Shahrokh Iravani, Morteza Aghajanpoor Pasha, Mohssen Nassiri Toosi

Abstract


The liver plays a pivotal role in maintaining the homeostasis of various organ systems. Also, end-stage liver disease and its complications are major causes of morbidity and mortality among adults. Individuals who develop a chronic liver disease are at increased risk of progression to multi-organ dysfunction, including the pulmonary system. The clinical complications of pulmonary problems related to the presence of liver disease range from mild (such as hypoxemia) to life-threatening diseases (such as portopulmonary hypertension and hepatopulmonary syndrome). Herein, the major pulmonary complications related to liver cirrhosis and considerations for performing liver transplantation are reviewed.


Keywords


Liver Transplantation; Pulmonary complications, Liver diseas; Hepatopulmonary syndrome; Portopulmonary hypertension; Hypoxemia

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/middle%20east%20j%20di.v12i3.2189

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.