Effect of Lactocare® Synbiotic on Disease Severity in Ulcerative Colitis: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Clinical Trial

Sima Besharat, Taghi Amiriani, Niloofar Rajabli, Maryam Faghani, Gholamreza Roshandel, Atefeh Akhavan Tabib, Hamidreza Joshaghani

Abstract


BACKGROUND:

Inflammatory bowel diseases are managed by different methods, which may not be well tolerated because of their side effects. Recently, pro-prebiotics are considered as a supplementary treatment in gastrointestinal diseases. In this study, the effect of Lactocare® (ZistTakhmir Company) was investigated on the disease severity in mild to moderate ulcerative colitis.

 

METHODS:

In this randomized, double-blind clinical trial (Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials number: IRCT201407271264N5), 60 patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis were included. An 8-week trial was carried out comparing Lactocare® as a supplement with standard therapy against placebo. Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (SCCAI) was measured at baseline and after 8 weeks. Statistical analysis was performed using paired ttest to assess the temporal changes (before and after the treatment) in the mean of SCCAI in each group. Chi-square test was used to compare the response rates. Odds ratios (OR) and the 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were also calculated. Pvalues of less than 0.05 were considered significant.

 

RESULTS:

A significant decreased mean SCCAI was seen in the intervention group (4.56±2.56) vs. placebo group (6.54±2.47) (p<0.05). Response to treatment was seen in 64.3% of the treatment group vs. 47% in the placebo group (p=0.18). Response to treatment was observed in 90.9% of patients with ulcerative colitis for more than 5 years compared with 44.4% of the control group (p=0.01).

 

CONCLUSION:

Regarding the effectiveness of pre-probiotics in mitigating symptoms in patients with ulcerative colitis, it could be suggested to try pre-probiotics in the standard treatment particularly in those with more than five years ofthe disease.


Keywords


Ulcerative colitis, Pre-probiotics, Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (SCCAI)

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/middle%20east%20j%20di.v12i1.2127

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.