Prevalence and Correlates of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Southern Iran: Pars Cohort Study

Zohre Khodamoradi, Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Alireza Salehi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Arash Etemadi, Reza Melekzadeh



Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of GERD in Pars Cohort Study (PCS) and to find its correlates.


We used the baseline data from PCS. PCS was conducted in the district of Valashahr in Fars province in southern Iran from 2012 to 2014. 9264 inhabitants who were 40-75 years old, and agreed to participate were enrolled. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire and simple physical examination of all participants.



Generally, 58.50% (95% CI 57.49-59.51) of the participants had GERD and 25.10% (95% CI 24.22-25.99) experienced it at least weekly. Approximately, 32.0%, 52.0%, and 24.4% of the participants reported heart burn sensation, regurgitation, and both symptoms, respectively. Being female (OR: 1.45, 95% CI 1.27-1.65), being older (OR: 1.20, 95% CI 1.06-1.36), being divorced/ widowed/ separated (OR: 1.38, 95% CI 1.01-1.91), and lower education (OR: 1.43, 95% CI 1.02-2.03) were associated with frequent GERD.




GERD is common in PCS and its prevalence is close to that in western countries. Being female, higher age, being divorced/ widowed/ separated, lower education, history of hypertension, anxiety, insomnia, and non-cigarette tobacco smoking were associated with frequent GERD. We are going to investigate the causal relationship between these risk factors and GERD in the next stages of PCS.



Epidemiology; Gastroesophageal reflux; Heartburn; Regurgitation; Pars cohort study; Iran

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