Factors Associated with Outcome in Patients with Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in a Tertiary Referral Center in Northern Iran

Fatemeh Baradaran, Alireza Norouzi, Samaneh Tavassoli, Abdolvahab Baradaran, Gholamreza Roshandel



Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a major healthcare problem and is the most frequent gastrointestinal reason for admission to hospital. We aimed to investigate the prognosis of patients with UGIB referred to a referral hospital in northern Iran in 2013.


All patients with UGIB who admitted to Sayyad Shirazi Hospital, in Gorgan, northern Iran, in 2013 were enrolled. The patients’ demographic data as well as data about admission, diseases, drug history, and patients’ prognosis were collected by structured questionnaire using information in hospital files. The relationships between different factors with the proportion of mortality and recurrence were assessed using Chi-square test.


In total, 168 patients were enrolled of whom 109 (64.9%) were male. The mean (SD) age of the patients was 59.4 (18.2) years. Mortality and recurrence occurred in 23.2% and 34.5% of the subjects, respectively. We found significant relationships between older age and diagnosis of malignancy with mortality (p =0.03 and p <0.01) and recurrence (p<0.01 and p <0.01).


We found relatively high rates of mortality and recurrence among patients with UGIB. Our results suggested older age and diagnosis of malignancy as the most important indicators of mortality and recurrence in such patients. Considering these factors in clinical settings may result in better and more effective management of patients with UGIB.


Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding; Mortality; Recurrence

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