New Concepts on Pathogenesis and Diagnosis of Liver Fibrosis; A Review Article

Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Mohammadreza Naderian, Amir Ali Sohrabpour

Abstract


Liver fibrosis is a potentially reversible response to hepatic insults, triggered by different chronic diseases most importantly viral hepatitis, alcoholic, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. In the course of the chronic liver disease, hepatic fibrogenesis may develop, which is attributed to various types of cells, molecules, and pathways. Activated hepatic stellate cell (HSC), the primary source of extracellular matrix (ECM), is fundamental in pathophysiology of fibrogenesis, and thus is the most attractable target for reversing liver fibrosis. Although, liver biopsy has long been considered as the gold standard for diagnosis and staging of hepatic fibrosis, assessing progression and regression by biopsy is hampered by its limitations. We provide recent views on noninvasive approaches including serum biomarkers and radiologic techniques.


Keywords


Liver Cirrhosis; Fibrosis; Pathogenesis; Diagnosis; Therapeutics; Genetic Therapy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/middle%20east%20j%20di.v8i3.1638