An accessible and Pragmatic Experimental Model of Nonalcoholic Fatty

Hadi Emamat, Maryam Noori, Forough Foroughi, Marjan Rismanchi, Hassan Eini–Zinab, Azita Hekmatdoost

Abstract


BACKGROUND:

There is no convenient cheap pragmatic experimental model for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)/Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH).

We aimed to create a pragmatic model of NAFLD/NASH.

METHODS:

Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high-fat, high sugar homemade diet ad libitum for seven weeks. The high-fat, high sugar diet included 59% of energy derived from fat, 30% from carbohydrates, and 11% from protein. Serum levels of fasting glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, liver enzymes, insulin, and hepatic tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene expression were determined. Hepatic histology was examined by H&E stain.

RESULTS:

Rats fed the high-fat, high sugar diet developed hepatic steatosis, and a moderate inflammation, which was associated with increased serum levels of liver enzymes, glucose, insulin, triglyceride, cholesterol, and hepatic  TNF-α gene expression.

CONCLUSION:

This rat model resembles the key features of human NAFLD/NASH and provides a simple pragmatic experimental model for elucidating the disease prevention and treatment.

 


Keywords


Experimental model; NAFLD; NASH; Rat; Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Diet

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/middle%20east%20j%20di.v8i2.1530